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Secondary renal damage is common in envenoming by many venomous snake species, but a few species have direct nephrotoxins.

Snakes considered to potentially cause renal damage through direct nephrotoxins or related mechanisms (this excludes those causing renal damage through the secondary mechanisms of shock, myolysis or coagulopathy).

Scientific name Common name Effect
Daboia russelii Russell’s viper Direct nephrotoxin

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