The Clinical Toxinology Resources Website is a premier site for information
on venomous animals and poisonous animals, plants and mushrooms. It covers the
whole World, with both general information and information about particular
organisms, located through a searchable database, that allows users to look
for an animal, plant or mushroom, based on a common name, a scientific name
or family, a country or region.
The site works most reliably using Internet Explorer
version 5 (or above) or Firefox as the browser.
Information on the site is served at two levels:
All users can access basic information, including
limited searches, first aid and basic details about antivenoms available.
Subscribers, who actively support the site, have access to our full information
system. This is primarily designed for health professionals needing information
on diagnosis and treatment of envenoming and poisoning. However, it provides
far more than this. For each organism record, there are details on the taxonomy,
description (how to identify it), distribution (often with maps), general biology,
venom or poison details, summarizing published research, clinical effects, summary
of clinical case reports from the medical and scientific literature, treatment
guidelines, and available antivenoms and how to obtain them from the producer.
It is possible to search not only by animal type and location, but by clinical
findings. Thus it acts as a variety of expert system to aid diagnosis.
Subscribers can contribute directly by submitting case reports, which will be
used to update clinical effects and treatment guidelines. Non-health professionals
will also find the site invaluable, for finding taxonomic information, including
descriptions of animals. This may be useful for herpetologists, arachnologists,
marine biologists and colleagues. People keeping or studying these animals may
also find the subscriber-level data useful, especially amateur herpetologists
and zoos keeping venomous snakes. Poisons centers and toxicologists may find
it useful as a source of information for acute cases and for information on
available antivenoms and producers. Educators may find it useful for sourcing
information for lectures, or for assignments. For further information on the
advantages of subscribing, click
The site has been produced
by the Toxinology
Department, Womens & Childrens Hospital (WCH), Adelaide,
Australia, a foremost center for clinical toxinology globally, together with
of Paediatrics, University of Adelaide, and support from experts around
the world. The site is continually growing as more organisms are covered in
detail and as new research information becomes available. It is our aim that
the site will ultimately incorporate all important published information on
venomous and poisonous organisms. The site managers are directly involved in
diagnosis and treatment of toxin injuries, including snakebites. This clinical
experience is incorporated in the design and functionality of the site. The
Toxinology Department and University together run international training courses
in clinical toxinology. Information about upcoming
courses is available on this site.
Us if you have any comments about the site.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR ALL SITE USERS
: The principle aim of this site is to provide
information useful to improving outcomes for humans suffering from envenoming or poisoning by
animals, plants or mushrooms. We make a reasonable attempt to verify accuracy of information
listed on this site. However, we cannot access every published paper of potential relevance,
either because they are not available to us or are in a language we cannot translate internally.
Equally, we cannot list knowledge which is not yet reported or known. It should not be assumed
that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any species, even for common species.
Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on this site. We
therefore do not accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require
that all users use information from this site at their own risk.
The following should also be noted when reading information contained within the databases on this website: italics for scientific nomenclature cannot be displayed, and superscripting and subscripting is absent in some instances.
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